An experimental study of the effects of pictures on the literal comprehension of second grade readers

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dc.contributor.advisor Cooper, J. David (James David), 1942- en_US Mackenzie, Jane Irons en_US 2011-06-03T19:28:25Z 2011-06-03T19:28:25Z 1981 en_US 1981
dc.identifier LD2489.Z64 1981 .M32 en_US
dc.description.abstract The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of pictures on the literal reading comprehension of average second graders. The study attempted to discover whether or not there were differences in comprehension when second graders read in three alternate reading conditions: text without pictures (T), text with pictures (TP), and a page of text alternating with a picture page (TAP). The study also attempted to discover whether possible differences in comprehension were more significant for either average or above-average readers.In order to measure differences in amount of comprehension in the three reading conditions, the researcher constructed an instrument consisting of three comparable passages, pictures corresponding to the passages, and ten questions covering the content of each passage. Each subject was asked to read three different passages in three different reading conditions. The ten questions were asked after each of the passages was read. The scores from the comprehension questions became the raw data of the study.The data were analyzed in a 3X3X2 Factorial Analysis of Variance. The factors were reading condition with three levels (T. TP, and TAP), three orders of presentation of the passages, and reading ability with two levels (average and above-average readers).Results indicated that all subjects comprehended equal amounts of content in the three reading conditions (F=.34 at .71 probability). Further, both average and above-average readers were equally unaffected by the presence of pictures in their reading materials (F=.17 at .84 probability).An implication of the study is that teachers should clarify their reason for using pictures in beginning reading instruction. Although pictures may prove to be helpful in fulfilling various affective instructional purposes such as building interest in reading, the pictures do not seem to be a valid method of increasing literal reading comprehension. en_US
dc.format.extent 2, viii, 182 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Pictures in education. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Reading (Elementary) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Reading comprehension. en_US
dc.title An experimental study of the effects of pictures on the literal comprehension of second grade readers en_US Thesis (D. Ed.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3134]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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