Improving comprehension : comparing the effects of two types of advance organizers on passage comprehension

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dc.contributor.advisor Ransom, Peggy E. en_US Priddy, Evelyn Jo en_US 2011-06-03T19:30:06Z 2011-06-03T19:30:06Z 1989 en_US 1989
dc.identifier LD2489.Z64 1989 .P75 en_US
dc.description.abstract The objective of this study was to compare the effects of two types of advance organizers on the comprehension of fourth grade students. The students' reading achievement levels were identified, and prior knowledge of the topics presented in the passages was assessed.Six intact classes were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. The first group was given a prose organizer before reading each of the passages; the second group received a discussion organizer; and the third group participated in both types of organizers. All of the activities were presented by the regular classroom teachers.The appropriate treatment and a selected passage were given to each group on the same day. On the following day, the subjects were asked to complete a cloze test constructed from selected portions of the passage. This procedure was repeated four times.A three factor analysis of covariance with repeated measurement of the four posttests was used to analyze the data. Reading achievement was used as the covariate in the analysis. Subjects were classified as to treatment group and high or low prior knowledge. Results indicated that the composite posttest means of the groups differed significantly. There was, however, no interaction between treatment and prior knowledge or between treatment and repeated presentations.The Student-Newman-Keuls procedure was applied post-hoc to test the difference among the means. The treatment group receiving only the prose organizer differed from the other two groups with lower passage comprehension. It was concluded that the discussion organizer alone or with a prose organizer facilitated better passage comprehension. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Elementary Education
dc.format.extent xiii, 103 leaves ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Reading comprehension. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Reading (Elementary) en_US
dc.title Improving comprehension : comparing the effects of two types of advance organizers on passage comprehension en_US Thesis (D. Ed.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3121]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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