Factors which influence elite athletes with visual impairments to become involved and remain involved in sport

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dc.contributor.advisor McElhinney, James H. en_US
dc.contributor.author Scott, Eugenia Sue en_US
dc.coverage.spatial n-us--- en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-03T19:30:53Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-03T19:30:53Z
dc.date.created 1995 en_US
dc.date.issued 1995
dc.identifier LD2489.Z64 1995 .S36 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/handle/180575
dc.description.abstract This study reported responses regarding factors which influenced the initial involvement and retention in sport by athletes with visual impairments competing at national and international levels. Fifty-five (55) athletes with visual impairments (40 male and 15 female) in attendance at five of the 1992 United States Association for Blind Athletes (USABA) national championships were interviewed. The championships included: judo, track & field (divided into two separate competitions; sprinters and field events; and distance runners), swimming, and goal ball. Athletes who were selected for and did participate in the Paralympics in Barcelona numbered 24. Biographic and demographic information were gathered in addition to 43 descriptive and open-ended questions in hour-long interviews.In general, the athletes interviewed were successful in their early contacts with sport, did not think of themselves as handicapped, disabled, or physically challenged, preferred to be referred to as visually impaired, and came from very supportive families who did not hinder their progress in sport. The positive factors perceived to influence involvement in sport were quality of life issues. Factors mentioned included: fun, health and fitness, friendships, and competition. Other comments of interest not falling into the above categories included: "high level of success", "satisfaction", "challenge", "enjoyment", "increased self-esteem", "self-confidence", "puts life in perspective", "I have a better outlook", "it balances my life", and "keeps my life normal".For a person with a visual impairment, sport seems to have some unique contributing qualities. Participation in sport was an important part of the lives of these athletes and contributed greatly to improved confidence and self-esteem, and to their efforts to be accepted by society in general. Sport was the means to an end and not the end itself as evidenced in the relatively small number of responses (nine out of 55) relating 'winning' as reason for involvement. Failure did not mean losing as defined by the score at the end of a competition. At this time in the history of sport for athletes with visual impairments, it appears that involvement in sport is a great asset to personal life satisfaction. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Educational Leadership
dc.format.extent xi, 378 leaves ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Blind athletes -- United States -- Attitudes. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh People with visual disabilities -- United States -- Attitudes. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh People with disabilities -- Recreation -- United States -- Public opinion. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Athletics -- Public opinion. en_US
dc.title Factors which influence elite athletes with visual impairments to become involved and remain involved in sport en_US
dc.description.degree Thesis (D. Ed.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url http://liblink.bsu.edu/catkey/955085 en_US


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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3121]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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