Differences in nutrition knowledge and dietary intake among female university cross-country runners upon completion of a nutrition education program

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dc.contributor.advisor Landis, William en_US
dc.contributor.author Keller-Grubbs, Georgia A. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-03T19:36:53Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-03T19:36:53Z
dc.date.created 1994 en_US
dc.date.issued 1994
dc.identifier LD2489.Z78 1994 .K45 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/handle/185115
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the nutrition knowledge and dietary intake before and after the implementation of a nutrition education program among university female cross country runners. The nutrition education program consisted of three, onehour sessions comprised of the following topics: general diet recommendations including carbohydrate, fat, protein, and the five food groups, iron status, fluids and hydration, amenorrhea, calcium intake and its effect on bone mass, and pathogenic weight control. Female cross country runners from Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana, and Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana served as the experimental groups, and Anderson University, Anderson, Indiana served as the control group. Teaching materials including outlines, handouts, and discussion questions were developed, presented, and distributed at each session. Evaluation of nutrition knowledge was completed through a pre-test, and post-test which consisted of 22 multiple choice / true/false questions. The nutrition education program significantly increased the nutrition knowledge for the experimental group (n = 9) from a mean pre-test score of 11.22 +/- 4.74 to a mean post-test score of 15.44 +/- 3.88. The quiz was developed with questions from two other quizzes used in previous research including Worme, et al., (1990) and Barr (1986) as well as a few additional questions developed by the primary investigator. Dietary intake was evaluated using three-day diet records prior to the nutrition education program and immediately following. In addition, three experimental subjects and three control subjects completed follow-up diet records one month following the nutrition education program but was not included in the data analysis. There were no significant changes in any of the 21 nutrients assessed; however, there were a few which approached statistical significance including thiamin (p<0.0528), dietary fiber (p<0.0865) and saturated fat (p<0.0737). Participants in the study seemed very receptive to the chosen topics but was especially interested in the topic of amenorrhea. Although not asked, four subjects did report that amenorrhea had been a problem- in the past including one subject who still had the problem. The primary investigator feels the educational program had a positive affect on the subjects. It is important to educate athletes about nutrition and the effects on health, especially young females involved with sports in which body weight has an influence on performance. This study could be repeated in the future to further study dietary intake and how nutrition education affects eating behaviors over a long period of time in this population.
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Home Economics
dc.format.extent iii, 98 leaves ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Women athletes -- Nutrition. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Food habits. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Women college students -- Nutrition. en_US
dc.title Differences in nutrition knowledge and dietary intake among female university cross-country runners upon completion of a nutrition education program en_US
dc.description.degree Thesis (M.S.)
dc.identifier.cardcat-url http://liblink.bsu.edu/catkey/902470 en_US

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  • Master's Theses [5318]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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