The effect of oral contraceptives on bone mineral density

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dc.contributor.advisor Dugan, Eric L. en_US Brougher, Elizabeth A. en_US 2011-06-03T19:40:13Z 2011-06-03T19:40:13Z 2004 en_US 2004
dc.identifier LD2489.Z78 2004 .B758 en_US
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of oral contraceptives (OC) on bone health in active women during early adulthood. Thirty-eight women between the ages of 18 and 35 years participated in this study. Participants were placed into two groups: 1) those who had taken OCs (Ortho Tri-Cyclen for a minimum of two years (n=22) and 2) those who had never taken OCs (n=16). The two groups were matched based on age, nutritional habits, percent body fat, and activity level. Participants completed a health history questionnaire, food frequency questionnaire, and received a full body scan via dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). An independent t-test revealed no significant difference (p < 0.05) between the bone mineral density of the women taking OCs (1.188 g/cm2 ± 0.09) and those women who never consumed OCs (1.207 g/cm2 ± 0.09). The effect of taking OCs in a young healthy population of women appears to have no osteogenic influence on bone health.
dc.description.sponsorship School of Physical Education
dc.format.extent viii, 55 leaves : forms ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Oral contraceptives. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bone -- Effect of drugs on. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Minerals in the body. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Young women -- Health and hygiene. en_US
dc.title The effect of oral contraceptives on bone mineral density en_US Thesis (M.S.)
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

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  • Master's Theses [5318]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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