The effects of the September 11th attacks on security measures of collegiate football operations

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dc.contributor.advisor Davis, Ronald W., 1950- en_US Helton, Jennifer L. en_US
dc.coverage.spatial n-us--- en_US 2011-06-03T19:40:20Z 2011-06-03T19:40:20Z 2004 en_US 2004
dc.identifier LD2489.Z78 2004 .H45 en_US
dc.description.abstract The purpose of the study was to determine what spectator security measures have been taken by collegiate football stadium operators because of or as a direct result of the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Subjects consisted of Assistant Athletic Directors, Associate Athletic Directors, Directors of Football Operations, an Associate Director, a Coordinator of Football Operations, an Executive Associate Athletic Director, and a Police Sergeant. Percentages were used to analyze the data. A self-constructed survey was designed to asses the spectator security measures that had changed within the Big Ten and MidAmerican Conference football stadiums. The survey was administered using the inQsit® program developed at Ball State University. An on-line survey was sent to 25 universities: 11 universities for the Big Ten and 14 universities in the MidAmerican Conference. Data was collected concerning one research question.With a return rate of 64%, 100% of the universities indicated changing their security measures as a direct result of September 11, 2001. Respondents reported an increase in book bag searches (56%) and body searches (25%). Respondents also identified, as security changes, an increase in law enforcement during football games (100%), restricting air space (94%), notifying ticket buyers ahead of time of security changes (81 %) and the event-operating budget was affected, and changes were made regarding items allowed to be carried into the stadium.
dc.description.sponsorship School of Physical Education
dc.format.extent vii, 55 leaves ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Football. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh College sports -- United States. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh September 11 Terrorist Attacks, 2001. en_US
dc.title The effects of the September 11th attacks on security measures of collegiate football operations en_US Thesis (M.S.)
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

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  • Master's Theses [5318]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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