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Cardinal Scholar is the University Libraries Institutional Repository for archival and scholarly research produced at Ball State University.

Recent Submissions

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    Total synthesis of open ring a-cyanocinnamate containing analogs of ipomoeassin F
    (2023-07) Khosravi, Arman; Sammelson, Robert E.; Shi, Wei Q.
    Through implementation of medicinal chemistry studies, vital parts of the natural product ipomoeassin F (Ipom-F) in terms of their impact on biological activities have been identified. Removal of the cinnamate abolished the biological activities of Ipom-F almost completely. The great importance of the α,β-unsaturated system made us think about modifying this moiety by introducing a CN group to the α position. In this study, we first synthesized a library of α- cyanocinnamic acids by investigating various methods. In the second part of the project, we performed the total synthesis to introduce the α-cyanocinnamate into the structure. To this end, two vital intermediates, glucose donor 1.47 (through six steps) and fucose acceptor 3.1(through six steps) were obtained. In ten more steps, the final products were synthesized.
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    A guide to a complete theatrical performance of Chant D'Amour de la Dame A' La Licorne by Liana Alexandra (1947-2011) with suggestions for an accessible preformance
    (2023-07) Jarnicki de Carvalho, Isis; Pohly, Linda; Truitt, Jon
    This dissertation explores the chamber opera Chant d'Amour de la Dame à la Licorne by Liana Alexandra (1947-2011) from a musical-theatrical performance perspective and offers suggestions for creating an accessible attendance experience for patrons with vision and hearing conditions. Liana Alexandra was a prolific Romanian composer whose compositional style drew, in part, on Byzantine psaltic monody and the intonations of Romanian folklore. She created works that feature minimalistic techniques, partially aleatoric textures, an individualized concept of rhythm conceived from mathematical criteria, and profoundly lyrical melodic lines. Composed in 1995, this opera departs from the traditional operatic structure and conventions and features unique instrumentation (soprano, cello, and piano). In addition to the musical devices mentioned above, it also exhibits fluid recitatives, aria postludes, attaccas, leitmotifs, and extended techniques. The absence of historical context and staging directions in the handwritten score provides performers of this work with creative freedom—a tenet that is aligned with Liana Alexandra’s intentions for the piece. I created an original staged production in which imagery and historical background of the related tapestries and an original plot are integrated into the performance to enhance the understanding and portrayal of this opera. I drew inspiration from the following sources: the book of the same name by Belgian poet Étienne de Sadeleer (1923-2017?), the la Dame à la licorne tapestries from the 1500s, Robert Schumann’s Frauenliebe und -leben, and a Brazilian production of Manuel de Falla’s El Retablo de Maese Pedro. In the dissertation, I provide discussion regarding the musical devices used by Liana Alexandra throughout the opera, the strategies employed to perform this opera, and the creation of an accessible attendance experience that incorporates English subtitles and American Sign Language interpretation into the performance. This dissertation not only provides insights for staging this specific opera but also offers suggestions to inspire future performances of chamber vocal works. It sheds light on the works by Liana Alexandra and aims to raise awareness about the underrepresentation and underperformance of compositions by women throughout history. It also highlights the significance of delving into the contextual layers behind any vocal repertoire. The experience gained from performing this opera serves as a foundation for further exploration in both performance and audience engagement, and it offers an introduction of a chamber opera worthy of inclusion in the repertoire.
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    Diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) in the collegiate solo trumpet literature of the United States: establishing the standard repertoire
    (2023-07) Doll, Jeffrey W.; Campbell, Stephen C.
    This study created lists of the Standard Repertoire of Collegiate Solo Trumpet Literature of the United States by defining the Standard Repertoire as it was understood by applied Trumpet professors throughout the United States at the time of the research in four categories. These four categories were “Solo Repertoire Approved of as Audition Material for Entry into an Undergraduate Program”, “Solo Repertoire Approved of for Performance For Credit during an Undergraduate Program”, “Solo Repertoire Approved of as Audition Material for Entry into a Graduate Program”, and “Solo Repertoire Approved of for Performance For Credit during a Graduate Program.” These four lists were then examined through the context of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in order to see how the polled population felt about the concept of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in the context of the solo repertoire they chose to teach to their Trumpet students. The data collected suggested that while the polled population claimed that Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion were important in post-secondary music education, in the context of the solo repertoire they chose to teach to their students, there was not a high magnitude of the value of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, with the exception of the category of “Solo Repertoire Approved of for Performance For Credit during an Undergraduate Program
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    Holistic trauma-informed training in couseling psychology doctoral programs
    (2023-07) Ambeau, Alexis; Bowman, Sharon
    This study utilizes a phenomenological framework to better understand counseling psychology doctoral students’ experiences of trauma training provided within their doctoral programs. Counseling psychologists are likely to encounter patients who have a history of trauma due to the high prevalence of trauma exposure within the United States. The lack of opportunities to learn foundational trauma psychological knowledge in counseling psychology doctoral programs has resulted in psychologists in-training seeking and engaging in trauma training outside of their programs (i.e., practicum, internship, workshops). Counseling doctoral students describe trauma training they have received within their programs (i.e., courses, didactics, seminars, clinical supervision, research). Twelve doctoral students currently enrolled in APA-accredited counseling psychology programs were interviewed and asked about their experience of trauma training within their program. Participants described their trauma-informed education occurred through a variety of settings including supervision, courses, research, and didactic/lectures. The majority of participants expressed wanting more treatment application when in addition to theoretical frameworks on trauma. The study’s strengths and limitations are discussed.
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    A dyadic study examining the association between attachment security and physical health in monoga
    (2023-07) Allsop Hilbrich, Katherine; Spengler, Paul M.
    Although a considerable body of research has examined the relationship between attachment and health, it has rarely been investigated via dyadic means. Much of this research focuses on mental health, rather than physical health outcomes. Further, attachment style is often assessed as being stable over time and relationships, when in fact, attachment patterns can change across both variables. The lack of dyadic methodology examining this relationship is particularly concerning as attachment is an interdependent process – meaning individuals impact one another in meaningful ways. The present study sought to employ the Actor – Partner Interdependence Model to examine the relationship between attachment security and physical health outcomes among couples. Both actor and partner effects were explored. Participants were 60 heterosexual, monogamous couples. An initial model indicated a statistically significant actor effect such that men who were higher in attachment anxiety experienced a decrease in physical health outcomes. However, a second model accounting for order of survey completion, did not result in any statistically significant actor or partner effects. The second model indicated men who responded second (i.e., after their female partners) reported better physical health outcomes compared to men who responded first. Neither model indicated statistically significant partner effects. Results and implications are discussed in relation to the attachment – health link.

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