Doctoral Dissertations

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This collection includes doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 3334
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    Exploring the use of photovoice with female adolescents and emerging adults who have experienced sexual violence
    (2023-12) Tabberson, Naomi Harwood; Chan, Yuichung
    This study aims to understand the experience of female adolescents and emerging adults when using photovoice to explore their healing journey following an incident of childhood sexual abuse. Five participants between the ages of 16-23 years participated in a photovoice sequence and an individual interview in which their experience with photovoice was explored. When utilizing Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to understand their experience with photovoice, eight superordinate themes emerged. Participants reported having a positive experience and described the photovoice process as rich, vulnerable, yet also safe because of the precautions in place. Participants enjoyed the strengths vs. deficits-based approach within the photography prompts. Participants found the group aspect beneficial due to the opportunities to hear different perspectives and realize they are not alone. However, participants recommended forming larger photovoice groups. Based on the participants’ experiences with photovoice, recommendations have been made for conducting research with young people who have experienced sexual violence. However, these recommendations should be considered with caution considering the small sample selected (n = 5) and the racially homogeneous sample.
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    The influence of perfectionism and goal orientation on athletes' error-related negativity
    (2023-12) Studler, Justin D.; Perrone, Kristin M.
    The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of perfectionism and goal orientation on student-athletes’ error-related negativity. To better understand this relationship, 26 participants completed a flanker task while their neural data was recorded, with 21 participants (17 female, 4 male) being included in final analyses. Initial Spearman rank correlations revealed a moderately strong positive correlation between negative reaction to imperfection and ERN, task orientation and ERN, and striving for perfection and ERN, in addition to a weak, negative correlation between ego orientation and ERN. Bayesian Linear Regression revealed the interaction of perfectionistic striving and ego orientation resulted in increased ERN, or error monitoring. Essentially, as a student-athletes’ perfectionistic striving increases, as long as their ego orientation is greater than zero and they are concerned with superiority and winning, their ERN amplitude, or level of cognitive error monitoring, increases as well. Additionally, the interaction of negative reaction to imperfection and ego orientation resulted in decreased ERN, or less error monitoring. Thus, as a student athlete experiences increased negative reactions following a mistake, provided their ego orientation is greater than zero, their ERN amplitude decreases, likely due to a loss of interest and motivation. Based on these results, the author discusses theoretical and clinical implications, as well as avenues for future research.
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    She must be quiet: a historical case study of how women created spiritualist education at the Chesterfield Spiritualist college
    (2023-12) Smith, Rachael D.; Glowacki-Dudka, Michelle
    In this historical case study, the Chesterfield Spiritualist College and the women who created and led this organization are examined. Using a feminist theory framework with a poststructuralist paradigm, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with former students, former and present teachers, the Camp Chesterfield Historian and Archivist, and administrators from Camp Chesterfield and the Chesterfield Spiritualist College. Extensive document analysis fills in the gaps and provides an extensive history on the only Spiritualist Camp in Indiana, as well as its educational institution. The research questions that directed this study are as follows: • What was the role of women in the creation of Chesterfield Spiritualist College? • How has the role of women changed at Chesterfield Spiritualist College overtime? • Who were the founding women leaders of the Chesterfield Spiritualist College? • How have women contributed to the growth and sustainability of the ChesterfieldSpiritualist College, including its current educational programming? This study concludes with revealing some of the women of the Chesterfield Spiritualist College and their contributions to adult religious education, as well as answering the research questions, implications of practice, and recommendations for future study. While women did create, lead, and expand the Chesterfield Spiritualist College, Camp Chesterfield is not the utopian matriarchy some believe it to be. Instead, there were some instances of women participating in, what some have concluded as a patriarchal power struggle. Regardless, women have kept Camp Chesterfield and the Chesterfield Spiritualist College afloat. Who those women are/were, and their contributions are documented in the following pages.
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    Media's influence on stigma and knowledge of autism spectrum disorder
    (2023-12) Shellabarger, Kassandra A. R.; Kruczek, Therea
    Autistic individuals frequently encounter stigmatization, discrimination, and social exclusion. Research has highlighted various ways to decrease stigma of ASD. One possible method to reduce this stigma is media representations of ASD. Therefore, the current study examined the influence of video media (e.g., television shows) on non-autistic individuals' knowledge of autism and explicit and implicit attitudes toward ASD. This study implemented a post-design study with undergraduate students, in which participants were exposed to different media portrayals of ASD, including a control condition. Findings indicate that participants exposed to media portrayals of ASD expressed less explicit stigma compared to the those in the control condition. Although results from this study revealed that total knowledge of ASD did not significantly differ across conditions, participants exposed to the fictional television show and comedic routine displayed more knowledge about the diagnosis of autism in comparison to the control condition. Implications include using media as part of stigma reduction programs and psychoeducation.
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    The neurocognitive predictors of activities of daily living
    (2023-12) Morales Zelaya, Tania Elizabeth; Davis, Andrew
    The overarching goal of this study was to address the shortage of literature related to the neurocognitive predictors of instrumental activities of daily living using performance-based measures. This study used dominance analysis to explore the order of importance of the neurocognitive abilities measured by the Dementia Rating Scale – 2nd edition (DRS-2) and Trail Making Test, Part B (TMT-B) in predicting functional performance as measured by the Texas Functional Living Scale (TFLS) among a sample of four clinically-referred adults who reported memory problems, most of whom were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment after the neuropsychological evaluation. Visuospatial skills emerged as the most important predictor of the ability to tell time, whereas Initiation/Perseveration was the strongest predictor of the ability to manage money. Executive functions did not always emerge as the most important predictor when making predictions at the subskill level. The results provide evidence of the external validity of the DRS-2 and poses interesting questions for future research related to functional performance.
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