Rewriting Alice : Victorian women's responses to Lewis Carroll's Alice's adventures in Wonderland

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dc.contributor.advisor Huff, Joyce L. Murray, Elizabeth A. 2011-07-12T17:31:08Z 2011-07-13T05:30:06Z 2011-05-07 2011-05-07
dc.description.abstract Within a few years of Lewis Carroll‟s publication of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1865), other authors tried to replicate aspects of the Alice books. In fact, Carroll states that he even started a collection of “„books of the Alice type‟” (quoted in Sigler “Authorizing” 351). According to Carolyn Sigler and Sanjay Sircar, between 150 and 200 texts were written imitating, responding to, and/or parodying Carroll‟s Alice (xi and 45). Furthermore, many of the 150 to 200 imitations were written by Victorian women, some of whom were well-known authors. Also during this period, what Anna Krugovoy Silver now calls a “culture of anorexia” was developing in Britain (27). Femininity was closely aligned with anorexia since “proper” women were supposed to exhibit behaviors, including food restriction, which were signs of anorexia. Furthermore, anorexia and its denial of hunger were related to the purity and asexuality of Victorian women. The anorexic became the image of the ideal Victorian woman. This paper will explore Alice imitations written by three female authors: Jean Ingelow‟s Mopsa the Fairy (1869), Juliana Horatia Ewing‟s “Amelia and the Dwarfs” (1870), and Christina Rossetti‟s Speaking Likenesses (1874). I argue that Alice exhibits several features of a culture of anorexia, and in their responses to Carroll, particularly through depictions of eating and growth, Ingelow, Ewing, and Rossetti sometimes uphold and sometimes challenge this Victorian culture of anorexia. All three critique the preference for the childlike female body, which is clearly present in Alice, while they present a range of responses to food restriction and controlling the appetite.
dc.description.sponsorship Department of English
dc.subject.lcsh Anorexia nervosa in literature.
dc.subject.other Carroll, Lewis, 1832-1898. Alice's adventures in Wonderland.
dc.subject.other Ingelow, Jean,1820-1897. Mopsa the fairy.
dc.subject.other Ewing, Juliana Horatia Gatty, 1841-1885. Amelia and the dwarfs.
dc.subject.other Rossetti, Christina Georgina, 1830-1894. Speaking likenesses.
dc.subject.other Great Britain -- Civilization -- 19th century.
dc.title Rewriting Alice : Victorian women's responses to Lewis Carroll's Alice's adventures in Wonderland en_US
dc.type Research paper (M.A.), 3 hrs. Thesis (M.A.) en_US 2011-07-13

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  • Research Papers [5068]
    Research papers submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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