Detection of Cronobacter sakazakii in powdered infant milk formula using real-time PCR

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dc.contributor.advisor McKillip, John L. Kim, Myoung-Su 2012-01-25T19:29:48Z 2012-01-26T06:30:23Z 2011-12-17 2011-12-17
dc.description.abstract Cronobacter sakazakii is a neonatal pathogen that has been found commonly in contaminated dried infant milk formula and milk powder. The fluorogenic selective marker, 4-Methylumbelliferyl-α-D-glucoside and secondary selective markers, sodium thiosulfate & ferric citrate have been used in differential media to indicate the presence of C. sakazakii based on α-D-glucosidase enzymes unique to this pathogen. This research will compare four enrichment broths for maximum recovery from powdered infant milk formula: C. sakazakii – Enterobacter sakazakii enrichment (ESE) broth, Tryptic Soy Broth (TSB), Enterobacteriaceae enrichment (EE) broth, and M-Coliform broth. Differential selective and nonselective agars including Trypticase Soy Agar (TSA), Violet red bile agar (VRBA), Violet red bile D-glucose agar (VRBDGA), and a newly developed KJ medium will be compared for the efficacy of isolation for the species and for optimal α-D-glucosidase activity with the fluorogenic selective marker, 4-Methylumbelliferyl- α-D-glucoside and secondary selective markers. C. sakazakii strains ATCC 29544, ATCC 29004, ATCC 12868, and ATCC 51329 will be utilized as positive controls to run in artificially contaminated powder infant milk formula (PIMF) with each enrichment broth. DNA will be extracted from enrichments, which will be examined using real-time TaqMan PCR in order to compare to culture-based detection to determine relative sensitivities between the two approaches. The fluorogenic selective marker, secondary selective markers, and using a TaqMan probe PCR protocol will prove to be a rapid and specific powerful tool for the detection of Cronobacter sakazakii in powdered infant milk formula. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Biology
dc.subject.lcsh Enterobacter sakazakii -- Analysis.
dc.subject.lcsh Infant formulas -- Contamination.
dc.subject.lcsh Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media.
dc.subject.lcsh Polymerase chain reaction.
dc.title Detection of Cronobacter sakazakii in powdered infant milk formula using real-time PCR en_US
dc.type Research paper (M.A.), 3 hrs. Thesis (M.A.) en_US 2012-01-26

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  • Research Papers [5068]
    Research papers submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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