An examination of sexual orientation and identity status in relation to self-esteem and psychological distress

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dc.contributor.advisor Perrone-McGovern, Kristin M. Shepler, Dustin K. 2012-12-19T17:28:51Z 2012-12-19T17:28:51Z 2012-12-15 2012-12-15
dc.description.abstract A sample of 791 college students between the ages of 18 and 25 years-old completed an online survey. Respondents were administered a series of measures to determine their sexual identity development status, global self-esteem, global psychological distress, sexual esteem and sexual distress. A 2 X 4 MANOVA (Sexual Orientation X Sexual Identity Development Status) was conducted. Results indicated that no significant difference was observed in terms of psychological distress, global self-esteem, sexual esteem or sexual distress between those who identified as gay, lesbian, or bisexual and those who identified as heterosexual. Significant differences were found among participants in relation to sexual identity development status. Specifically, those who were classified as having achieved a sexual identity scored higher on measures of self-esteem and lower on measures of psychological distress. Notably, follow up DFA indicated that sexual distress emerged as a particularly stable and important variable in explaining differences among those in different sexual identity development statuses. Implications for research and practice are discussed. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Counseling Psychology and Guidance Services
dc.subject.lcsh Gender identity.
dc.subject.lcsh Self-esteem.
dc.subject.lcsh Distress (Psychology)
dc.subject.lcsh College students -- Psychology.
dc.title An examination of sexual orientation and identity status in relation to self-esteem and psychological distress en_US
dc.title.alternative Sexual identity development Thesis (Ph. D.) en_US

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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3210]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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