Treatment of hydraulic fracturing fluids in petroleum wastewater using physical and biological techniques

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dc.contributor.advisor Pichtel, John, 1957- Alalade, Oludamilola Olusesan 2016-12-20T13:47:37Z 2016-12-20T13:47:37Z 2016-12-17
dc.description.abstract Hydraulic fracturing (‘fracking’) is a drilling and extraction technique that uses large volumes of high-pressure, chemically-treated water to free petroleum and natural gas trapped deep in underground strata. The chemically-enriched water, along with brine and groundwater, are recovered from the well together with the oil and gas. There is an urgent need for treatment of this contaminated water prior to possible reuse. The reported research tested two methods for removal of contaminants from synthetic fracking fluids: (1) physical sorption using activated charcoal (GAC), peat, synthetic resin, and plastic chips packed in columns; and (2) biological treatment using a two-stage constructed wetland grown to cattail (Typha latifolia). The resulting leachates were tested for chemical composition; likewise, the soil and Typha grown in the constructed wetland were analyzed. GAC and peat were moderately successful as compared with plastic and resin for both increasing pH of the hydraulic fracturing fluid (from 4.1 to 7.4) and in removing Na. Results were variable for Cu and Pb removal. In the constructed wetland, pH increased from 4.1 to 7.0 and electrical conductivity decreased significantly. Transfer factors for Pb were 0.67 (Stage 1 of wetland) and 1.37 (Stage 2). Typha shoots had bioconcentration factors for Pb ranging from 2.9 (Stage 1) to 8.0 (Stage 2). These data indicate that Typha may be effective for Pb removal from hydraulic fracturing fluids. The reported study may be of significant practical value to oil and gas production industries which generate large quantities of contaminated oil and gas wastewater. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management
dc.subject.lcsh Hydraulic fracturing -- Environmental aspects.
dc.subject.lcsh Water -- Purification -- Adsorption.
dc.subject.lcsh Water -- Purification -- Biological treatment.
dc.subject.lcsh Typha latifolia.
dc.title Treatment of hydraulic fracturing fluids in petroleum wastewater using physical and biological techniques en_US Thesis (M.S.) en_US

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  • Master's Theses [5454]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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