Chronic effects of dietary nitrate from beetroot juice supplementation on sprint performance in Army ROTC cadets in a midsize midwestern university : a pilot study

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dc.contributor.advisor Kandiah, Jayanthi
dc.contributor.author Melton, Michael Travis
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-17T13:17:31Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-17T13:17:31Z
dc.date.issued 2017-07-22
dc.identifier.uri http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/123456789/200804
dc.description.abstract Athletes and warfighters are continually looking for ergogenic aids that are safe and legal. Beetroot juice (BR), a rich, safe source of dietary nitrates, has been shown to be effective for improving performance and increasing time to exhaustion in events that require endurance or require repeated interval sprints. The demands of combat are most like repeated sprints, and it is important to identify if BR would aid this population and what would the recommended dose and duration of supplementation be. Twenty-five ROTC Cadets from a midsize, midwestern university were randomized into 3 groups that did not differ between age, gender, body composition, or aerobic fitness; the groups were only different in the beverage they were given and the corresponding amount of dietary nitrates, either 16.9 oz. apple juice (CON, 0 mg NO3-), roughly 8 oz. apple juice + 8.4 oz. beetroot juice (BR1, 300 mg NO3-), or 16.8 oz. beetroot juice (BR2, 600 mg NO3-). The major outcome measure is performance on the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test 1 (Yo-Yo IR1), which measures distance covered in progressively faster interval sprints until exhaustion. Each group increased over the 3 sprints, and a dose-related effect was observed, even though the increase was insignificant (p > 0.05). Overall, BR2 improved by 35 % and BR1 by 25 % compared to CON with no significant difference in GI symptoms. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Nutrition & Health Science
dc.subject.lcsh Beet juice -- Physiological effect.
dc.subject.lcsh Nitrates -- Physiological effect.
dc.subject.lcsh Sprinting.
dc.subject.lcsh College students -- Physiology.
dc.subject.other United States. Army. Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
dc.title Chronic effects of dietary nitrate from beetroot juice supplementation on sprint performance in Army ROTC cadets in a midsize midwestern university : a pilot study en_US
dc.title.alternative Title on signature form: Chronic effects of dietary nitrate from beetroot juice supplementation in Army ROTC cadets in a midsize midwestern university
dc.description.degree Thesis (M.S.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url http://liblink.bsu.edu/uhtbin/catkey/1863894


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  • Master's Theses [5510]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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