Biomechanical differences between sexes and limb dominance during a cutting maneuver

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dc.contributor.advisor Dickin, Clark Craft, Amber Lee 2017-12-14T14:46:31Z 2017-12-14T14:46:31Z 2017-12-16
dc.description Access to thesis permanently restricted to Ball State community only. en_US
dc.description.abstract Purpose: Given the elevated risk of sustaining an ACL injury during sidestep cutting, and the potential differential risk to the two lower extremity limbs between males and females, the purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanical differences in males and females between their dominant and non-dominant limbs during unanticipated sidestep cutting. Methods: Twenty-two healthy young adults (11 males and 11 females) performed multiple sidestep cutting maneuvers planting off both the dominant and nondominant limb. Joint kinematics and kinetics of the hip, knee, and ankle joints as well as neuromuscular activation of the gluteus medius, hamstrings, and quadriceps were recorded during each trial. Results: Findings revealed that females were subjected to larger hip adduction loads (p=.04) while males underwent greater internal rotation (p=.003) and abduction (p=.004) loading at the knee during sidestep cutting. Males also had greater pre-activation of the lateral and medial hamstring musculature when compared to females, (p=.016 and p=.025 respectively). A secondary analysis found that males within the study had larger adduction moments (p=.002) and larger external rotation moments (p=.002) at the knee joint as well as larger vertical GRF (p=.002) than did their female counterparts. In addition a significant difference was found between limb dominance and loading rate, with the non-dominant limb undergoing larger loading rates (p=.031). Lastly, correlations between pre- and post- medial hamstring activation revealed a negative relationship with injury risk (p=.003 and p=.007 respectively). Conclusions: These findings suggest there may be differential risk of ACL injury between males and females at each joint, females having greater risk at the hip and males and the knee joint. More research should be done to better understand how each joint effects injury risk within and between sexes. As for limb dominance no definitive statement regarding risk discrepancy due to limb dominance can be made. However, future studies should focus on a more specific population of one sport and level of participation to better understand its influence. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship School of Kinesiology
dc.subject.lcsh Leg -- Mechanical properties.
dc.subject.lcsh Laterality.
dc.subject.lcsh Turning (Locomotion)
dc.subject.lcsh Sports injuries -- Sex differences.
dc.subject.lcsh Anterior cruciate ligament -- Wounds and injuries.
dc.title Biomechanical differences between sexes and limb dominance during a cutting maneuver en_US Thesis (M.S.) en_US

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  • Master's Theses [5510]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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