Construct validity of the MMPI-2-RF's demoralization (RCd) scale

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dc.contributor.advisor Lee, Tayla T. C. Hall, Jordan Taylor 2018-07-19T17:15:58Z 2018-07-19T17:15:58Z 2018-07-21
dc.description.abstract Demoralization, a psychological state characterized by pervasive dysphoric, unhappy mood, helplessness, inability to cope, and general dissatisfaction with life, has been implicated as a significant construct in psychopathology and its treatment. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) is unique amongst other measures of personality and psychopathology as it includes a distinct, separate scale intended to assess demoralization. Although the validity of RCd scores as measures of general affective discomfort has been well-established by criterion validity studies (e.g., Sellbom, Ben-Porath, & Graham, 2006; Arbisi, Sellbom, & Ben-Porath, 2008; Forbey & Ben-Porath, 2008), no previous study has established their construct validity in relation to broader research on demoralization. Accordingly, the current study reviewed the theoretical basis for RCd including Frank’s (1961) demoralization concept, Schmale and Engel’s (1967) givingup— given-up complex, Gruenberg’s (1967) social breakdown syndrome, Cassell’s (1991) suffering, Clarke and Kissane’s (2002) demoralization syndrome, and Watson and Tellegen’s (1985) structure of mood, and empirically placed RCd scores within this nomological network (Cronbach & Meehl, 1957) by examining their association with demoralization-related characteristics. Additionally, it investigated the ability of RCd scores to predict these demoralization-related characteristics beyond measures of two similar constructs, depression and negative affect. A series of correlational and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted using data from undergraduate students (N = 188) from a Midwestern university. Results of correlational analyses suggested that RCd scores were negatively associated with scores on measures of core self-evaluation, general self-efficacy, and ego resiliency. Scores on RCd were positively correlated with scores on measures of external locus of control, pessimistic attributions, reassurance seeking, and subjective incompetence. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that RCd scores predicted a majority of these outcomes better than depression or negative affect. Taken together, results suggest RCd scores reflect the broader demoralization construct and do so better than measures of either depression or negative affect. Additional implications, limitations, and future directions are discussed. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Psychological Science
dc.subject.lcsh Morale.
dc.subject.lcsh Scale analysis (Psychology)
dc.subject.lcsh Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory -- Evaluation.
dc.title Construct validity of the MMPI-2-RF's demoralization (RCd) scale en_US
dc.title.alternative Construct validity of RCd en_US
dc.title.alternative Construct validity of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form's demoralization (Restructured Clinical Demoralization) scale Thesis (M.A.) en_US

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  • Master's Theses [5454]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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