Influence of antibiotic and heavy metal concentration on antibiotc resistance gene abundance in wastewater biosolids

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dc.contributor.advisor Pichtel, John, 1957- Price, Jacob M. (Jacob Michael) 2018-07-20T14:30:12Z 2018-07-20T14:30:12Z 2018-07-21
dc.description Access to thesis permanently restricted to Ball State community only. en_US
dc.description.abstract Solids (sludges) from wastewater treatment are known to harbor significant concentrations of antibiotic compounds. Wastewater sludges are commonly disposed in landfills and by spreading onto soil. There is, therefore, an urgent need to characterize the risks of land disposal of wastewater sludge. The reported study determines the abundance of antibiotic resistance genes of bacteria from selected wastewater treatment plants in central Indiana. These data are correlated to antibiotic concentrations in wastewater sludge in order to formulate a dose-response relationship. The study has focused on two antibiotic compounds – trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole. Real-time PCR was used to determine the abundance of genes among bacterial samples cultured from the sludge; liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was used for determination the concentrations of antibiotic compounds present, and flame atomic absorption spectrometry was used to measure metal concentrations. A significant relationship was found between the concentration of cadmium (Cd) and sul1 gene abundance. Positive correlations were observed between Cd, zinc (Zn), and lead (Pb) to dfrA1. Positive correlations were also observed between lithium (Li) and sul1, and sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim concentrations and sul1 and dfrA1, respectively. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management
dc.subject.lcsh Emerging contaminants in water.
dc.subject.lcsh Heavy metals -- Environmental aspects -- Indiana.
dc.subject.lcsh Sewage sludge -- Indiana.
dc.subject.lcsh Drug resistance in microorganisms -- Indiana -- Genetic aspects.
dc.subject.lcsh Bacterial genetics.
dc.title Influence of antibiotic and heavy metal concentration on antibiotc resistance gene abundance in wastewater biosolids en_US Thesis (M.S.) en_US

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  • Master's Theses [5454]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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