Influence of cardiorespiratory fitness on ventilatory fitness on ventilatory threshold

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dc.contributor.advisor Harber, Matthew
dc.contributor.author Souzis, Anna
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-10T18:54:55Z
dc.date.available 2021-08-10T18:54:55Z
dc.date.issued 2021-05-07
dc.identifier.uri http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/123456789/202747
dc.description Access to thesis permanently restricted to Ball State community only. en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Reference standards for percentage of ventilatory threshold (VT) to VO2max have been determined by the Fitness Registry Importance of Exercise National Database (FRIEND) registry based on age and sex. The reference values show that on average, VT occurs at 51-74% of VO2max. The reason for variability in these values is unknown and may be influenced by fitness level. Purpose: To examine the impact of fitness level on the percentage of VT to VO2max in apparently healthy men and women. Methods: Participants included 1,784 self-referred male and female participants from the Ball State Adult Fitness Longitudinal Lifestyle STudy (BALL ST) cohort between 1992 and 2020. Resting health measurements and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) variables derived from the first available test were used. Percentage of VT to VO2max was determined by dividing the confirmed VT by the confirmed VO2max derived from the CPET. Fitness level was determined by using the FRIEND registry and percentiles of VO2max by age and sex. An ANCOVA and pair-wise comparisons were performed to determine the differences between fitness levels and compare for age and sex. Results: The mean percentage for VT to VO2max was significantly higher in the low fit (65.2 ± 10.4%) than the average (61.3 ± 10.9%) and high fit populations (60.8 ± 10.9%) (p < 0.05). A significant difference in BMI (p < 0.05) between all groups was seen, with an inverse relationship between BMI and fitness level (low fit: 32.0 ± 6.6 kg/m2; average fit: 26.9 ± 4.1 kg/m2; high fit: 24.1 ± 3.1 kg/m2). Conclusion: Low fit populations have a higher VT when expressed as percentage of VO2max, and thus likely a higher range for moderate exercise than the other, more fit populations. Exercise physiologists should consider this when prescribing exercise. en_US
dc.title Influence of cardiorespiratory fitness on ventilatory fitness on ventilatory threshold en_US
dc.description.degree Thesis (M.S.) en_US


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  • Master's Theses [5510]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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