The role of DHX36 in the organization of topologically associated domains (TADs)

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dc.contributor.advisor Smaldino, Philip
dc.contributor.author Sandwith, Siara
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-29T14:16:28Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-29T14:16:28Z
dc.date.issued 2021-05
dc.identifier.uri http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/123456789/203160
dc.description.abstract Topologically-associated domains (TADs) are areas of highly associated chromatin that contribute to the overall 3D structure of chromatin. TADs are demarked by boundaries enriched with architectural proteins, which insulate TADs, preventing inter-TAD interactions. TADs are further enriched and insulated by secondary nucleic acid structures known as G-quadruplexes. The major G-quadruplex helicase is DHX36, which has been shown to impact important cellular processes such as replication, transcription, translation, and the stress response. However, it is unknown how the relationship between DHX36 and G-quadruplexes impacts the stability of TAD boundaries. To better understand this dynamic, we knocked out Dhx36 in mice and performed high throughput chromosome confirmation (Hi-C) technique. This technique will allow us to compare TADs in the knockout versus wild-type mice. We expect to find that knocking out this helicase will improve the stability of G-quadruplexes at TAD boundaries. As a result, we anticipate a greater number of TADs due to stronger insulation at TAD boundaries. If our hypothesis is correct, this will suggest DHX36 influences 3D chromatin structure and gene expression, which will help our understanding in fields such as cancer, aging, and epigenetics. en_US
dc.title The role of DHX36 in the organization of topologically associated domains (TADs) en_US
dc.description.degree Thesis (B.?) en_US


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  • Undergraduate Honors Theses [5928]
    Honors theses submitted to the Honors College by Ball State University undergraduate students in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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