A study of school closure procedure in three Indiana school corporations
The purpose of the study was to identify procedures for successful school closure as utilized by school corporations with prior histories of school closings.An interview guide was developed to identify school closure procedures utilized by participant school corporations and to assess the contribution of such procedures to successful school closure. The superintendents of participating school corporations responded to the interview guide. Three Indiana school corporations participated in the study.Communities and school corporations of various sizes experienced common school closure problems. School closure was an emotionally laden, intensely human problem. School closure necessitated intricate knowledge of the community and carefully planned public relations. Parent, staff, and community stress was apparent throughout school closure. Elementary student adjustment following school closure was generally rapid and uneventful.The need for school closure was a result of declining student enrollment and increased per-pupil costs for education. School closure did not provide an immediate source of money. Superintendents reported the savings precipitated by school closure were long-term instead of immediate financial savings.A sequence of twenty procedures for successful school closure was established. The procedures included pre-closure and post-closure strategies as well as actual closure procedures. The sequence of twenty procedures included: enrollment projections, determining the need to close schools, determining which school buildings should be closed, community involvement and adjustment, staff involvement and adjustment, parent involvement and adjustment, student involvement and adjustment, building disposition, and utilization of the media.