Cognitive factors in the prediction of outcome and maintenance in smoking cessation programs : a discriminant analysis

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dc.contributor.advisor Barke, Charles R. en_US Baringoldz, Gregg Michael en_US 2011-06-03T19:22:51Z 2011-06-03T19:22:51Z 1989 en_US 1989
dc.identifier LD2489.Z68 1989 .B3 en_US
dc.description.abstract This study investigated the relationship between smoking cessation and cognitive factors of attributional style, self-efficacy and locus of control. The roles of examined as they contributed to the prediction of smoking status. Questionnaires designed to measure these cognitivevariables, were administered to participants of smoking cessation programs at two times during the study; immediately before participation in the smoking cessation program and immediately after completion of the program. Smoking status was assessed at these times, as well as via telephone twice after the program's completion. Subjects were obtained from 16 American Cancer Society smoking cessation clinics in the Southern California area. The results of stepwise discriminant analyses of variance successfully predicted smoking status at end-of-clinic and follow-up periods, using a combination of demographic, smoking behavior and cognitive predictors. Cross-validations of the predictive models also were able to predict smoking status at end-of-clinic and follow-up. Additional analyses included stepwise discriminant demographic and smoking behavior variables styles, as well as demographic and smoking behavior Cognitive Factors 5 analyses of participants who relapsed at follow-up, and a comparison of those who completed the program versus those who dropped out prematurely. Both analyses resulted in obtaining significant discriminant functions. A final analysis compared pre- and post-treatment responses on the cognitive measures via a 2 X 2 multiple analysis of variance (group X time). A significant interaction between group and time of assessment was obtained. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Counseling Psychology and Guidance Services
dc.format.extent 269 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Cigarette smokers. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Smoking -- Psychological aspects. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Behavior modification. en_US
dc.title Cognitive factors in the prediction of outcome and maintenance in smoking cessation programs : a discriminant analysis en_US Thesis (Ph. D.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3210]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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