Diagnosis and schemata : counselors' perceptions and hypothesis-testing strategies

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dc.contributor.advisor Dimick, Kenneth M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Holtgraves, Marnell M. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-03T19:26:53Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-03T19:26:53Z
dc.date.created 1991 en_US
dc.date.issued 1991
dc.identifier LD2489.Z68 1991 .H6 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/handle/176855
dc.description.abstract The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised (DSM-III-R) published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in 1987 is currently the primary tool used by counselors in clinical settings for diagnosing clients' psychological and behavioral problems. Beginning with the third edition of the manual (DSM-III; APA, 1968) a multiaxial process for diagnosis was introduced to encourage a biopsychosocial perspective of client's problems.This study was designed to investigate if alterations in diagnosis on Axis IV and V could further encourage a biopsychosocial perspective. It was designed to imitate the rapid diagnostic process that takes place in many clinical settings. In the present study, the criterion for a biopsychosocial perspective was the maintenance of neutral perceptions and unbiased hypothesis-testing strategies following diagnosis of a client.Twenty-four counseling psychology trainees participated in the study. The counselor trainees diagnosed a client after listening to approximately 20 minutes of an audio-tape of an initial assessment interview. The 12 counselor trainees in the control group diagnosed the client using the standard multiaxial format for diagnosis. The 12 counselor trainees in the experimental group diagnosed the client using an alternative format which encouraged a focus on positive aspects of the client and the client's environment.The counselor trainees completed the Impression Formation Questionnaire to assess their perceptions of the client. They then wrote 12 questions they would ask the client in the next counseling session. These questions constituted their hypothesis-testing strategies for their diagnoses on Axis I and Axis II.The counselor trainees in both groups maintained primarily neutral perceptions of the client as measured by the IFQ. The counselor trainees in both groups favored confirmatory hypothesis-testing strategies when assigned to groups based on their hypothesis-testing strategy score (p < .05).The results of this study indicated that the standard and alternative multiaxial formats for diagnosis may encourage neutral perceptions of a client when counselors must diagnose the client based on very little information. Neither format for diagnosis was successful, however, in discouraging a biased, confirmatory search for information. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Counseling Psychology and Guidance Services
dc.format.extent 238 leaves ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mental health counseling. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mental illness -- Diagnosis. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Stereotyped behavior (Psychiatry) en_US
dc.subject.other Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. en_US
dc.title Diagnosis and schemata : counselors' perceptions and hypothesis-testing strategies en_US
dc.description.degree Thesis (Ph. D.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url http://liblink.bsu.edu/catkey/832991 en_US


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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3248]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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