Thinking styles, treatment preferences, and early counseling process and outcome

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dc.contributor.advisor Spengler, Paul M. en_US Lampropoulos, Georgios en_US 2011-06-03T19:27:58Z 2011-06-03T19:27:58Z 2006 en_US 2006
dc.identifier LD2489.Z68 2006 .L36 en_US
dc.description.abstract In this study, two primary hypotheses drawn from Cognitive-Experiential Self-Theory (Epstein, 1994, 1998, 2003) and the treatment preference literature (Arnkoff, Glass, & Shapiro, 2002) were tested in the broader contexts of similarity/matching research and eclecticism in psychotherapy. Specifically, it was hypothesized that client-therapist similarity/dissimilarity in terms of (a) their Rational and Experiential Thinking styles (Pacini & Epstein, 1999), and (b) their preferences for a Cognitive ("Thinking") versus an Experiential ("Feeling") theoretical orientation (Hutchins, 1984), would affect the process and outcome of early therapy. Forty-seven client-therapist dyads participated in the study. In the seven hierarchical linear regressions conducted, no statistically significant effects were found on any of the dependent variables (working alliance, empathic understanding, session depth, session smoothness, satisfaction with treatment, perceived change, and objective change). Study limitations included its modest statistical power to detect small and moderate effect sizes.Three exploratory questions were also investigated in a sample of 89 clients and 79 therapists and were found to be statistically significant. Specifically, client rational and experiential thinking styles made substantial contributions in the expected direction in predicting client preference for a cognitive versus an experiential treatment. Similarly, therapist experiential thinking style was predictive of therapist treatment preference. These findings suggest that client and therapist personality (thinking styles) are more significant predictors of treatment preference than variables such as gender and clinical experience (as a therapist or a client). Last, rational thinking style was predictive of client intrapersonal adjustment, and experiential thinking style was predictive of client social adjustment. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Counseling Psychology and Guidance Services
dc.format.extent viii, 166 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Thought and thinking. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Psychotherapist and patient. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Cognitive-experiential psychotherapy. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Psychotherapy -- Outcome assessment. en_US
dc.title Thinking styles, treatment preferences, and early counseling process and outcome en_US
dc.title.alternative Client-therapist similarity en_US Thesis (Ph. D.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3248]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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