Perinatal complications as predictors of neuropsychological outcome in children with learning disabilities

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dc.contributor.advisor Wenck, L. Stanley (Lewis Stanley) en_US Ma, Xue Jie en_US 2011-06-03T19:28:24Z 2011-06-03T19:28:24Z 1996 en_US 1996
dc.identifier LD2489.Z68 1996 .M3 en_US
dc.description.abstract A prospective study was conducted on a group of 160 students from 9 to 14 years of age with learning disabilities to predict neuropsychological outcome using perinatal information as predictors. Perinatal information was obtained from the Maternal Perinatal Scale (MPS) (Dean & Gray, 1985). Subjects' neuropsychological functioning was assessed by the Short Neuropsychological Screening Device (SNSD) (Reitan & Herring, 1985). Information concerning subjects' intelligence was obtained from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III (WISC-III) administered within the past two years. Hollingshead's Four Factor Index of Social Status was employed to determine subjects' socioeconomic status. A stepwise multiple regression analysis yielded a regression model that contained a subset of 7 perinatal risk factors, involving: (1) Obstetric History; (2) Gestational Age; (3) Psychosocial Events; (4) Delivery; (5) Intrauterine Stress; (6) Teratogenic Stress; and (7) Fetal Oxygenation. A hierarchical regression analysis was further performed to examine if adding socioeconomic and intellectual information to the regression model could increase the prediction of neuropsychological outcome. Results showed that up to 82% of the variability in the neuropsychological outcome was explained by the linear composite of the 7 risk factors. When socioeconomic and intellectual information were added to the regression model, the prediction of neuropsychological outcome was significantly improved. About 201 of the students with learning disabilities in the present study were found to display symptoms similar to minimal brain damage (MBD) relating to poor visual-motor integration, underdeveloped language skills, and aphasic conditions. The results support the theory of a "continuum of reproductive casualty" proposed by Pasamanick et al. (1956). The importance of detecting early indicators of neuropsychological deficits in at risk children was further suggested by the present study. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Educational Psychology
dc.format.extent vi, 158 leaves ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Learning disabilities -- Etiology. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Perinatology. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Pregnancy -- Complications. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Minimal brain dysfunction in children -- Etiology. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Health risk assessment. en_US
dc.title Perinatal complications as predictors of neuropsychological outcome in children with learning disabilities en_US Thesis (Ph. D.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3248]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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