John Jacob Graas, Jr. : jazz horn performer, jazz composer, and arranger

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dc.contributor.advisor Ehnes, Fred R. (Fred Rickard) en_US Ormsby, Verle A. en_US
dc.coverage.spatial n-us--- en_US 2011-06-03T19:29:39Z 2011-06-03T19:29:39Z 1988 en_US 1988
dc.identifier LD2489.Z62 1988 .O75 en_US
dc.description.abstract This paper is divided into two broad sections. The first section traces the life and career of John Graas through an examination of the contents of the John Graas Memorabilia and Memorial Library, which contains photo albums, newspaper clippings, records and tapes, approximately one hundred original compositions, and personal correspondence between the author and people who knew and worked with Graas.The second section is an examination and discussion of Graas's original compositions. This discussion traces Graas's compositional development and growth as an acknowledged jazz composer through the melodic analysis of selected original compositions.Findings1. John Graas was a classically-schooled horn player who studied with Max Pottag and Wilhelm Valkanier, and performed with the Indianapolis and Cleveland orchestras.2. He was best known for being the first horn player to achieve prominence in the jazz field. Graas acquired his jazz skills first as a performer with Thornhill, Beneke, and Kenton, and later as a composition student of Lennie Tristano, Shorty Rogers and Dr. Wesley LaViolette. 3. Numbering over one-hundred compositions, Graas’ works range from standard to innovative works for various-sized ensembles, including works for solo horn, solo piano, a television score, and his Jazz Symphony #1, written for full symphony orchestra and nine-piece jazz ensemble.Conclusions1. Graas was acknowledged as the first horn player to achieve prominence in the field of jazz, as recognized by such top, jazz polls as Down Beat, Metronome, and Playboy, from 1955 to 1961.2. His early improvisations helped to open the jazz field to future jazz hornists: Watkins, Amram, Ruff, Varner.3. Graas showed true pioneer spirit by working hard to expand limits placed on the horn by classical tradition, in order to reach a new and different standard of performance. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship School of Music
dc.format.extent xii, 127 leaves : ill., music ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Jazz musicians -- United States. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Jazz -- Performances. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Jazz. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Composition (Music) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Horn (Musical instrument) en_US
dc.subject.other Graas, John Jacob, 1917-1962. en_US
dc.title John Jacob Graas, Jr. : jazz horn performer, jazz composer, and arranger en_US Thesis (D.A.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3210]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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