Interactions between composers and technology in the first decades of electronic music, 1948-1968

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dc.contributor.advisor Nagel, Jody, 1960- en_US Powers, Ollie D. en_US 2011-06-03T19:30:05Z 2011-06-03T19:30:05Z 1997 en_US 1997
dc.identifier LD2489.Z62 1997 .P69 en_US
dc.description.abstract New electronic technologies began to appear after 1948 that seemed to promise the infinite expansion of sonic possibilities in music. The ability to record and manipulate existing sounds (as in musique concrete), and to generate new, unknown timbres with electronic generators (as in elektronische musik), provided an extraordinary multiplication of musical resources.Much literature of the period extols the new possibilities offered by electronic music, but the limitations of the technology of the 1950s and 1960s and the interactions that occurred between composers and that technology have been little explored. This study attempts to document some of these interactions.The influences of the equipment and procedures of "classical studio technique" on the resulting music are examined. Selected electronic compositions are analyzed in terms of the equipment employed and the limitations this equipment may have imposed. The study reveals characteristics of certain works that are directly dependent on characteristics of the technology. New devices or procedures developed by composers are also detailed.Areas examined include disc technology, magnetic tape, oscillators and generators, filters, modulators and other devices, techniques of spatialization in multi-channel works, and a sampling of specialized devices or procedures used by individual composers. The influences excercised by voltage-controlled synthesizers, such as those designed by Robert Moog and Donald Buchla, are also discussed.Works by the following composers are studied: Bulent Arel, Henk Badings, Louis and Bebe Barron, Luciano Berio, Robert Beyer, John Cage, Mario Davidovsky, Tod Dockstader, Herbert Eimert, Kenneth Gaburo, Paul Gredinger, Karel Goeyvaerts, Bengt Hambraeus, Pierre Henry, Giselher Klebe, Gottfried Michael Koenig, Gyorgy Ligeti, Otto Luening, Bruno Maderna, llhan Mimaroglu, Pauline Oliveros, Henri Pousseur, Dick Raaijmakers, Pierre Schaeffer, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Vladimir Ussachevsky, and Edgard Varese. The writings of Milton Babbitt, Joel Chadabe, and Gustav Ciamaga also contributed significantly.Supplementary information is provided by Jon Appleton, Joel Chadabe, Tod Dockstader, Bengt Hambraeus, David Keane, Arthur Kreiger, Elliott Schwartz, Daria Semegen, Pril Smiley, Gil Trythall, and Scott Wyatt in response to a questionnaire concerning their experiences with classical studio technique.This study reveals that a wide area exists for further research on this topic. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship School of Music
dc.format.extent vi, 373 leaves : ill., music ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Electronic music -- History and criticism. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Electronic music -- Analysis, appreciation. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Music and technology. en_US
dc.title Interactions between composers and technology in the first decades of electronic music, 1948-1968 en_US Thesis (D.A.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3248]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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