Selected aspects of population dynamics and food habits of bobwhite quail on the Salamonie Reservoir area, 1970-1975

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dc.contributor.advisor Kirkpatrick, Ralph D. en_US Priddy, Robert Ray, 1929- en_US
dc.coverage.spatial n-us-in en_US 2011-06-03T19:30:06Z 2011-06-03T19:30:06Z 1976 en_US 1976
dc.identifier LD2489.Z64 1976 .P74 en_US
dc.description.abstract Basic knowledge of the ecology of bobwhite quail, colinus virginianus (L.), on the Salamonie Reservoir Area, Huntington and Wabash Counties, Indiana, was gathered during 1970-1975. The bobwhite is a major gamebird species on the Salamonie Reservoir Area even though the resident populations of this non-migratory bird tend to remain relatively low. Bobwhites have been extensively studied in other parts of their range but little has been done in this marginal habitat region of northeastern Indiana. A basic knowledge of bobwhite ecology in this region is necessary in order to formulate management plans calculated to increase the population level.The whistling cock count technique was used to determine a call index from the average mean calls per stop. This technique correlated significantly with hunter success (P<0.05) but call indices from the highest count day, during the six-year period, correlated most significantly (P<0.001) with hunter success.An average of 50.2 percent cocks to 49.8 percent hens was found during the six-year study in 404 hunter-killed bobwhites and 36 bobwhites collected by me. Bobwhite weights averaged 179 g during the November months, 197 g during the December months, 205 g during the January months, and 185 g during the months of February and March. The mean average weight for the six-year study was 185 g. Age ratio, during the study months, was 3.66 young bobwhites to one adult. Age ratios were stable each November through March but they fluctuated annually during the six-year period with no consistant trend. Four major food items comprised 77.5 percent of volumetric contents found in bobwhite crops: corn, soybeans, wheat, and black locust seeds.Bobwhite population levels fluctuated during the six-year study. The population level appeared to have an inverse relationship with the number of small game hunting efforts on the Salamonie Reservoir Area when the small game hunting efforts numbered above 3,000.Bobwhites fed on black locust seeds during periods of snow cover. The availability of black locust seeds during winter months made this food source an important item for the survival of bobwhites on the Salamonie Reservoir Area. en_US
dc.format.extent x, 111 leaves : ill., maps ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Northern bobwhite. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Upland game birds -- Indiana -- Salamonie Lake. en_US
dc.title Selected aspects of population dynamics and food habits of bobwhite quail on the Salamonie Reservoir area, 1970-1975 en_US Thesis (D. Ed.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

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  • Doctoral Dissertations [3194]
    Doctoral dissertations submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University doctoral candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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