A historical investigation of landscape transformation in the 'Black Swamp' region of northwestern Ohio

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dc.contributor.advisor Smith, Leslie H. en_US
dc.contributor.author Heide, Joni en_US
dc.coverage.spatial n-us-oh n-us-in en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-03T19:37:09Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-03T19:37:09Z
dc.date.created 1995 en_US
dc.date.issued 1995
dc.identifier LD2489.Z75 1995 .H45 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/handle/185346
dc.description.abstract The Preservation movement was born out of the realization that a significant portion of our natural and cultural resources are rapidly being consumed, lost, or destroyed in the process of contemporary development. When the preservation movement began, preservationists split into two distinctly separate philosophical groups, Natural Resource Preservationists and Cultural Resource Preservationists. Natural Resource Preservationists focused upon an ecological understanding of the universe, and fought to maintain an ecological balance, while Cultural Resource Preservationists concentrated on saving each archeological or architectural artifact. The result of this divided approach produced monuments to the grand and fantastic, and museums to the famous and nationalistic, but failed to recognize the significance of the `ordinary landscape'. Ordinary landscapes are identified by the material components created by various cultures, and these components are physical representations of the human response to the natural environment that speaks will, beliefs, and the manipulation of the natural world that surrounds them.Recognizing the dynamic and continuously evolving layers of the Cultural Landscape is a critical aspect in Cultural Landscape identification and requires that the symbiotic relationship between the human occupants and the natural environment be understood within the social, political, and natural context. The basis of this project is to establish the social, political and natural context of the Black Swamp region in northwest Ohio in order to reveal the process of landscape transformation in the 'Black Swamp', and to identify areas of the landscape that may contain significant Cultural Landscapes.The 'Black Swamp' lies parallel to the east bank of the Maumee River from Lake Erie southwest to New Haven, Indiana and measures approximately 1500 square miles. Formation of the Black Swamp and the Maumee River Valley began approximately 25,000 years ago, when the Wisconsin glacier advanced southeast out of Canada and into Ohio. Glacial movement compressed the topography into its flattened form while meltwater eroded a channel known as the Maumee River.The basin-like shape of the Maumee River Valley transported water slowly to the Maumee River. Organic matter accumulated in the drainage basin and composted into a rich black loamy soil 12"-15" thick that rested on an impervious clay subsoil. Rich in humus, the transported water of the Maumee River ran black, providing nourishment for a wide variety of vegetation, which in turn supported diverse forms of wildlife.Three distinct cultures occupied the region between the years 1700 and 1850. Native Americans, Euro-American pioneers, and American settler farmer, utilized, manipulated, and transformed the `Black Swamp' environment in varying degrees, however it was the Euro-American pioneer and the American settler farmer that exerted drastic changes upon the swamp forest environment that ultimately transformed native forest into a cultivated and highly mechanized corn belt landscape.Little, if any, components remain of the Native American culture that occupied the region for over 10,000 years. However, this study has found that the settlement and transportation patterns of the Native Americans were in each case overlapped by the subsequent culture. These initial patterns of settlement and transportation layed out by the Native American were in response to the character of the natural environment and this response created the organization of the Black Swamp landscape upon future cultures layered various components.
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Architecture
dc.format.extent x, 68 leaves : col. maps ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Landscape changes -- Black Swamp (Ohio and Ind.) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Landscapes -- Black Swamp (Ohio and Ind.) -- History. en_US
dc.subject.other Black Swamp (Ohio and Ind.) -- History. en_US
dc.subject.other Ohio -- History. en_US
dc.title A historical investigation of landscape transformation in the 'Black Swamp' region of northwestern Ohio en_US
dc.description.degree Thesis (M. Arch.)
dc.identifier.cardcat-url http://liblink.bsu.edu/catkey/935911 en_US


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  • Master's Theses [5510]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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