Within-day and between-day reliability of body composition by air-displacement plethysmography in the bod pod

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dc.contributor.advisor Kaminsky, Leonard A., 1955- en_US
dc.contributor.author Sparks, Jada L. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-03T19:38:48Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-03T19:38:48Z
dc.date.created 1999 en_US
dc.date.issued 1999
dc.identifier LD2489.Z78 1999 .S675 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/handle/186640
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of within-day and between-day measurements of body volume (BV), thoracic gas volume (Vtg), and body fat percentages (%fat) taken in the BOD POD. Fifty subjects (25 men, 25 women) of varying ages (20-81 yrs.), races, and body composition (2.2-51.1% fat) were tested under ideal conditions set forth by the manufacturer at the same time of day (± 3 hours) on three separate days within two weeks. On each day, testing was repeated in succession until three trials were obtained which met the manufacturer's criteria for acceptable BV and Vtg. Repeated measures ANOVA revealed no significant mean differences between the three within-day trials or for the first trial between each of the three days with the exception of between-day BV where day 1 was found to be 260 ml greater than days 2 and 3. Coefficient of variation (SD/mean* 100) and intra-class correlations were determined for each variable both within the three trials of each day and between the first trials of each of the days. For BV, the CV for the 150 cases of within-day measurements was.1 ± .01% while the between-day CV was .4 +.3%. For both within and between day BV, r = .99. The CV and correlations for Vtg was 2.8 ± 2.4% and .99 and 4.1 ± 2.6% and .98 for within-day and between-day measures, respectively. The mean absolute difference between measured Vtg and the predicted value (Vpred) from age, height, and weight was 0.471 ± 0.392 L which would result in body fat estimates that differ by 1.3 ± 0.3%. Estimates of body fat from Vpred were within +2% fat of those derived from measured Vtg values in 80% of the trials. Body fat percentage produced a within-day CV of 2.8 + 4.6% with an r = .99 and a between-day CV of 3.8 ± 5.9% with an r =.99. However, with the exclusion of 3 subjects with body fat <7%, the within-day and between-day CV decreased to 2.0 ± 1.8% and 2.7 ± 2.1%, respectively. The difference between the first two trials of each day was < 2% fat in 93% of the cases, and all 150 cases resulted in fat within + 2% in the three trials. In conclusion, these results support that BOD POD measurements of BV, Vtg, and % fat are reliable both within and between days for a wide range of adults. Also, to obtain the most reliable measurement of % fat in the BP, measuring thoracic gas volume and averaging the values obtained from two trials which agree within + 2 % fat is recommended.
dc.description.sponsorship School of Physical Education
dc.format.extent 62 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Human body -- Composition -- Measurement. en_US
dc.title Within-day and between-day reliability of body composition by air-displacement plethysmography in the bod pod en_US
dc.description.degree Thesis (M.S.)
dc.identifier.cardcat-url http://liblink.bsu.edu/catkey/1133737 en_US

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  • Master's Theses [5510]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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