Effectiveness of mental imagery for the male high school competitive swimmer

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dc.contributor.advisor Pauline, Jeffrey S. en_US
dc.contributor.author Linderwell, Schlaura N. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-03T19:39:38Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-03T19:39:38Z
dc.date.created 2005 en_US
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier LD2489.Z9 2005 .L565 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/handle/187302
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to determine if cognitive and somatic anxiety levels decreased and self-confidence levels increased with the use of a mental imagery program. Participants (N=21) for this study were at the high school level, chosen from the Midwest region of the United States. A boy's scholastic swim team was used as the interventiongroup while a girl's scholastic swim team was used as the comparison group. All participants attended the same school and were members of their 2004-2005 swim team. Participants completed the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) (Martens et al., 1990). All participants completed the CSAI-2 once a week over the course of six weeks. The CSAI-2 was subdivided into three subscales to measure cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, and self-confidence. Imagery scripts were developed for the boys' swim team (intervention group) and were implemented twice a week during practice. Individualized scripts were created for the swimmers to practice on their own time at a minimum of once per week. No imagery training was provided to the girls' team. The results for multivariate analysis revealed no significant main effect for group, week, or week x group interaction (p >.05). Univariate results for the week x group interaction showed no significance for cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, or for self-confidence (p >.05). Univariate results for week revealed significance for cognitive and somatic anxiety (p >.05), but no significance for self-confidence (p >.05). The use of the mental imagery program showed to be of no statistical significance at lowering cognitive and somatic anxiety or increasing self-confidence levels in the high school swimmers. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship School of Physical Education, Sport, and Exercise Science
dc.format.extent vii, 58 leaves ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Imagery (Psychology) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Swimmers -- Psychology. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh High school athletes -- Psychology. en_US
dc.title Effectiveness of mental imagery for the male high school competitive swimmer en_US
dc.type Research paper (M.A.), 3 hrs. en_US
dc.description.degree Thesis (M.A.) en_US
dc.identifier.cardcat-url http://liblink.bsu.edu/catkey/1321564 en_US


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  • Research Papers [5068]
    Research papers submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

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