Physical activity habits of adults in east central Indiana related to their demographic characteristics

Cardinal Scholar

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Kaminsky, Leonard A., 1955- en_US Bone, Stephanie A. en_US
dc.coverage.spatial n-us-in en_US 2011-06-03T19:41:13Z 2011-06-03T19:41:13Z 2006 en_US 2006
dc.identifier LD2489.Z78 2006 .B66 en_US
dc.description.abstract In 1993, it was estimated that poor diet and physical inactivity lead to 300,000 deaths a year in the United States (52). In 1996, the first report on Physical Activity and Health by the Surgeon General was published (80). The major recommendation revealed by the Surgeon General Report was that every U.S. adult should accumulate a moderate amount of physical activity on most, preferably all, days of the week. Strong efforts to communicate the importance of physical activity to the United States population have been somewhat successful. However, trends still fall far short from the goal set forth by Healthy People 2010. Nearly 1 in 4 adults reported no leisure-time physical activity in 2004 (45). The goal is for 20% of the U.S. population to report no leisure-time physical inactivity by the year 2010 (79).It is evident that a large amount of physical activity data and statistics exist. However, physical activity has been traditionally assessed using self-report methods (67). In 1999, the Cooper Institute hosted a conference titled Measurement of Physical Activity. This conference brought leaders in physical activity assessment together with measurement specialists to discuss issues and future direction in physical activity assessment. It was a consensus among researchers that assessing physical activity is a challenging task confounded by various purposes for assessment, populations, and assessment methods. In addition, they found a strong need for the development of assessment devices with sound psychometric properties (89). Self-report instruments have been identified to have numerous reliability and validity limitations.The purpose of this study was to objectively measure the physical activity (pedometer counted steps per day) of adults in East Central Indiana and to assess how these results relate to demographic characteristics and general health indices. Pedometer-measured physical activity (steps) was recorded over a 7 day period and was compared to physical activity data from the IPAQ and to national data obtained via surveys. All subjects also completed a demographic survey.The percentage of subjects who were sedentary was 14.0% which is less than national data demonstrates. Mean steps/day were significantly associated with age, certain income levels, and marital status. An increase in age resulted in a decrease in the mean steps/day. Mean steps/day were also significantly less in the $25,000-$39,999 income level than the >$80,000 group. Those who were either single, divorced, or widowed completed significantly more steps/day than married subjects. Males participated in significantly more vigorous MET•min/week than females. Age was significantly negatively correlated with vigorous MET•min/week, and walking MET•min/week. BMI and income level were negatively correlated with walking MET•min/week. Non-married subjects participated in significantly more vigorous MET•min/week than non-married subjects. The IPAQ classifications were found to agree with the physical activity data from the pedometer measured data. However the relationship (Spearman correlation = 0.325) was relatively weak.
dc.description.sponsorship School of Physical Education, Sport, and Exercise Science
dc.format.extent x, 87 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm. en_US
dc.source Virtual Press en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Exercise -- Indiana. en_US
dc.title Physical activity habits of adults in east central Indiana related to their demographic characteristics en_US Thesis (M.S.)
dc.identifier.cardcat-url en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Master's Theses [5510]
    Master's theses submitted to the Graduate School by Ball State University master's degree candidates in partial fulfillment of degree requirements.

Show simple item record

Search Cardinal Scholar


My Account