Helping neophyte counseling psychologists with intraoccupational choice : the identification of useful information
This research tested the utility of occupational interest inventories in predicting the work settings of highly satisfied counseling psychologists. A questionnaire was mailed to a sample of counseling psychologists who were members of the American Psychological Association. Of the 661 respondents surveyed 406 responded. Only the responses of 331 counseling psychologists who reported high job satisfaction were included in the analyses. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to compare the concurrent validity of general vocational interests and specific vocational interests to predict to a work setting continuum which ranged from a primarily academic work setting at one end to a primarily practice setting on the other end.Specific vocational interests as assessed by the Scientist Practitioner Inventory (SPI; Leong & Zachar, 1991, 1993, Zachar & Leong, 1992) and Teaching Interests Questionnaire were better at predicting the work setting continuum than were general vocational interests as assessed by the Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI; Holland, 1985). Gender moderated the relationship between vocational interests and work setting continuum for VPI-Artistic. Higher scores for males on VPI-Artistic were associated with the academic end of continuum. Higher scores for females on VPI-Artistic were associated with the practice end of the continuum. Age did not moderate the relationship between vocational interests and the work setting continuum.As a main effect, VPI-Investigative was a significant predictor of the work setting continuum. Higher VPI-Investigative scores were associated with the academic end of the continuum. SPI-Scientist and SPI-Practitioner were significant predictors of the continuum as well. Higher scores on SPI-Scientist were associated with the academic end of the continuum and higher SPIPractitioner scores were associated with the practice end of the work setting continuum. The teaching interest questionnaire (TIQ) was also a significant predictor of the continuum with higher teaching interests scores being associated with the academic end of the work setting continuum.