Cardiovascular response to exercise in individuals with non- insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus versus apparently healthy adults
Although the benefits of exercise to non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) are well-known, individuals with NIDDM are at risk for macrovascular and microvascular complications associated with an abnormal systolic blood pressure (SBP) elevation during exercise. In order to compare the SBP and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) response between individuals with NIDDM and apparently healthy controls during submaximal exercise, eight individuals representative of each group completed a 10-minute submaximal treadmill exercise trial at 65% of functional capacity. Heart rate, blood pressure and RPE were monitored throughout the trial. Between group comparisons were made for SBP and RPE response, and the frequency of exercise SBP response _> 200 mmHg was investigated. No significant differences were observed in either SBP or RPE response between groups during the submaximal treadmill trials. In addition, none of the subjects from either group achieved a SBP ? 200 mmHg. While this study indicates that exercise at 65% of functional capacity is safe for this particular group of subjects with NIDDM, additional research is warranted to investigate cardiovascular response to exercise in a broader subject pool representative of the entire NIDDM population.