Resistivity log-- sonic log cross plots applied to subsurface carbonate facies analysis : (Jeffersonville and North Vernon limestones, northern Clay County, Indiana)
The Middle Devonian formations to be studied in this paper are the Jeffersonville and North Vernon Limestones. Together these formations make up the Muscatatuck Group in the Illinois Basin portion of Indiana. In the area of study, the Jeffersonville Limestone consists from the base upwards of the Geneva Dolomite Member, Vernon Fork Member, and Paraspirifer acuminatus Zone. The North Vernon Limestone consists of the Speed Member overlain by the Beechwood Member.In the study area, the subsurface Muscatatuck Group dips to the southwest at a rate of 20 to 50 feet per mile. These rocks thicken to the southwest, and range in thickness from 136 to 170 feet. Closed-structural highs are present on the top of the Muscatatuck Group over Silurian pinnacle-like reefs.Resistivity log - sonic log cross plots were constructed to analyze the subsurface carbonate facies in the study area. A total of 13 cross plots were constructed with over 1,490 points plotted.From this study five conclusions can be drawn about the application and usefulness of the cross plot method in analyzing the the surface distribution of carbonate facies. As explained in the text, these conclusions remain valid only when applied to the area of study.The conclusions are as follows:1. The positioning of the point groups on the cross plots is controlled by the amount and type of porosity present in the rocks.2. Due to the diagenetic alteration of the primary porosity in the rocks, the point groups can not be divided into depositional textures or facies.3. In this case, because of the uncomplex nature of the stratigraphy and the ease of correlation of the lithologic units on the logs, the cross plots were not useful in analyzing the subsurface distribution of the carbonate facies in the area.4. The cross plots were useful in checking the accuracy of the log correlations.5. The cross plots may be used to infer lateral porosity changes in the rock units, and possibly variations in the diagenetic alteration within these units.