## Mathematical Modeling on Open Limestone Channel

 dc.contributor.author Bandstra, Joel dc.contributor.author Li, Ying dc.contributor.author Wu, Naiyu dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-12T18:05:09Z dc.date.available 2021-02-12T18:05:09Z dc.date.issued 2014 dc.description Article published in Mathematics Exchange, 9(1), 2014. en_US dc.description.abstract Acid mine drainage (AMD) is the outflow of acidic water from metal mines or coal mines. When exposed to air and water, metal sulfides from the deposits of the mines are oxidized and produce acid, metal ions and sulfate, which lower the pH value of the water. An open limestone channel (OLC) is a passive and low cost way to neutralize AMD. The dissolution of calcium into the water increases the pH value of the solution. A differential equation model is numerically solved to predict the variation of concentration of each species in the OLC solution. The diffusion of calcium due to iron precipitates is modeled by a linear equation. The results give the variation of pH value and the concentration of calcium. en_US dc.identifier.citation Bandstra, J., Li, Y., & Wu, N. (2014). Mathematical Modeling on Open Limestone Channel. Mathematics Exchange, 9(1), 1-8. en_US dc.identifier.uri http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/20.500.14291/202635 dc.title Mathematical Modeling on Open Limestone Channel en_US dc.type Article en_US
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