The Electoral College of the United States of America : a 21st century evaluation
The effectiveness of the Electoral College has been debated ever since its inception at the Constitutional Convention in 1787. The majority of participants in this debate hold one of two opinions. Opponents of the Electoral College view the system as inefficient and want it disbanded and replaced. Supporters, however, favor retaining the institution and addressing its imperfections. Dispersed between these two views are millions of Americans with little understanding of the Electoral College and the possible implications of abolishing or reforming the institution. While a comprehensive evaluation of the efficacy of the Electoral College would require a subjective assessment of the institution concerning how it conforms to a political ideology, such a discussion would exceed the scope and desired objective approach of this analysis. Instead, an objective evaluation of the most common arguments in favor and against the Electoral College using a five step formula may be employed: 1) A definition of the Electoral College and how it works; 2) A brief history of the Electoral College; 3) The ideological bases of opponents and proponents of the Electoral College; 4) A discussion of specific arguments for and against the Electoral College; and 5) Conclusions on the debate and its implications. This methodology provides readers with a greater understanding of the significance of the issue and the need to become civically engaged in its continued debate.