A study of the relationship between occupational stress and person-environment fit in Ball State University employees
The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between person-environment fit (P-E fit) and occupational stress in Ball State University employees. A randomly-selected stratified sample of 400 employees from four different employee categories were invited to participate in this study anonymously. Participants completed a demographic information sheet and three questionnaires: the Work Environment Scale, Ideal (WES-I) and Real (WES-R) versions, and the Occupational Stress Inventory (OSI). Two hundred and thirty one subjects returned test packets. One hundred and sixty and one hundred and forty seven participants, respectively, had complete sets of information for the actual discrepancy and perceived discrepancy which could be used for data analysis. Canonical correlation was used to examine the number and nature of mutually independent relationships between occupational stress and person environment fit (three subscales on the OSI and three subscales on the WES). The results showed no significant canonical correlation for perceived discrepancy. The significant canonical correlation indicates that the occupational roles subscale of the OSI is strongly correlated with the P-E fit system maintenance and change and less strongly related to the P-E fit relationships subscale of the WES. This study has implications for worksite stress management interventions. It is recommended that organizational interventions be emphasized more than individual interventions. These results also provide empirical support for an ecological model of health promotion and a systemic or organismic view of the world. Further study is recommended.