Self-efficacy perceptions of patients following a cerebral vascular accident before and after participation in a stroke rehabilitation program
The purpose of this study was to determine if the perceived level of ability (self-efficacy) differed from actual performance ability for individuals with cerebral vascular accidents (CVA's). Patients were assessed for perception and actual ability level on Activities of Daily Living (ADL's) and Balance skills at admission and at discharge from an inpatient CVA rehabilitation program. Thirty patients with unilateral brain lesions (15 right and 15 left) constituted the study group. ANOVA and repeated measures were used in this quasi-experimental, quantitative study to examine data. All three research hypotheses were tested at an alpha level of .05 for significance. The first and third research hypotheses were supported: CVA patients' self-efficacy scores on ADL's and Balance Skills were significantly different from actual performance scores at time of admission to a CVA rehabilitation program; and the self-efficacy scores were significantly closer to actual performance scores for ADL skills at discharge. The improved accuracy in perception of Balance Skills was not supported by comparison of scores between admission and discharge measurements. The second hypothesis that right hemisphere CVA lesion patients self-efficacy and actual performance scores would be significantly different compared to the scores of patients with left hemisphere CVA lesions was not supported. A ttest for paired samples was also performed on the ADL scores data to investigate three-way significance for the third hypothesis. The patients studied successfully completed the prescribed therapeutic activities in a CVA rehabilitation program and were able to predict with significantly improved accuracy, performance ability on ADL skills at discharge.