The relationship between health-related physical fitness levels and academic achievement in elementary students
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between health-related fitness levels and academic achievement in elementary school children. A sample of 105 elementary students in grades four and five were tested. The study consisted of 64 males and 41 females in both grades. California Achievement Test scores of reading, language, and math were selected to reflect the academic achievement variables. The AAHPERD Physical Best Test was used to measure physical fitness. Test items included body composition (sum of the tricep and calf skinfolds), one-mile walk/run, sit-ups, and sit and reach. A SAS Canonical Correlation Analysis was used to examine the relationship between health-related physical fitness and academic achievement. Means and standard deviations were calculated for both genders, and females and males alone. Results indicated that there was no significant relationship (R > .05) between health-related physical fitness levels and academic achievement in fourth- and fifth-grade students.