Fish and invertebrate communities in agricultural headwater streams
Agricultural practices may influence stream biological communities by removing riparian vegetation and modifying stream channel morphology, both which may reduce water retention time. I collected benthic invertebrates and fishes in seven headwater agriculturally-influenced streams in central Indiana, to quantify controls on invertebrate and fish community assemblage variation. Invertebrates were collected at 14 sites and fish were collected at 12 sites in Buck Creek watershed. The abundances of invertebrates and fishes were analyzed in Detrended Correspondence Analyses (DCA) in PC-ORD software and correlated with abiotic and biotic factors. The sites located in close proximity to Buck Creek have increased stability of biotic (fish assemblages) and abiotic (flow and water depth) factors. Abundances of invertebrates of headwater streams in east-central Indiana agricultural landscapes are influenced by distance between sites, distance to Buck Creek, and presence of fish species. Abundances of fishes were correlated with water quality and distance to Buck Creek.