Mindfulness-based intervention recommendations for athletes experiencing mild traumatic brain injury - a narrative synthesis

Thumbnail Image
Hall, Gabriel
Blom, Lindsey
Issue Date
M. S.
Other Identifiers
CardCat URL

Research shows that the interventions for the cognitive, affective, somatic, and sleep dysregulation symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury have varying significance and low effect sizes. Recently, mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) have been considered for patients across many different clinical populations, including sport-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Additionally, athletes who have had previous mindfulness training through sport psychology performance interventions may benefit the most from mindfulness-based interventions for injury. Therefore, this narrative synthesis aims to summarize the current MBI literature surrounding the four main deficits of mTBI in college-aged individuals and provide recommendations to sport-psychology or -medicine practitioners. To accomplish this eight databased were searched for studies using MBIs to treat cognitive, affective, somatic, and sleep symptoms across different patient populations, with a mean age of 18-30 years. Results found common, significant, intervention themes for depressive, anxiety, and sleep symptomology. Interventions that emphasized open monitoring mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) and emphasized detachment, acceptance or CBT showed significant improvements on depression symptoms.