Husband-wife congruence and marital-vocational satisfaction
The purpose of this study was designed to explore whether marital satisfaction can be predicted by using Holland's theory of person-environment interaction.The sample consisted of thirty-seven married couples affiliated with Ball State University.Holland's Self Directed Search (SDS) provided a measure of husband-wife congruence. The Locke-Wallace Short Marital Adjustment Test (SMAT) provided a measure of husband-wife satisfaction. Also, a Personal Data Sheet furnished a classification according to personality congruency and occupational congruence.The hypotheses tested in this study were the following: Hypothesis 1 -- Marital satisfaction, as measured by the SMAT, will be significantly different for congruent and incongruent couples, as measured by the SDS. Congruent couples will have significantly greater marital satisfaction. Hypothesis 2 -- Marital satisfaction, as measured by the SMAT, will be significantly different for congruent and incongruent couples, as measured by the person's stated occupation. Congruent couples will have significantly greater satisfaction. Hypothesis 3 -- Marital satisfaction, as measured by the SMAT, will not be significantly different for males and females.A multivariate analysis of variance, followed by a univariate analyses was performed on the data.The results of the findings was that spousal congruence tends not to be associated with marital satisfaction. The sex of the spouse was found to be significantly related to marital satisfaction as defined by each spouse. None of the other hypotheses of the study was supported. However, a trend was observed for a sex by SDS congruence interaction.