Risk factors and intervention strategies for adolescent suicide
Suicide is the third leading cause of death for adolescents between the ages of 1524 years old. Over the past twenty years, suicide has increased over 100% among children between the ages of 10-14 years (CDC, 2001). Risk factors such as ineffective coping skills, mental health problems, substance/alcohol abuse, and family dysfunction contribute to adolescent suicide rates. Protective factors such as coping efficacy and family support may decrease the risk of adolescent suicide (Guiao, 1995). The purpose of this study is to examine differences in knowledge about risk factors and protective factors for suicide prevention in adolescent high school students before and after a support group intervention. Isabelita Guiao's Multi-interactional Model of Suicidality (Guiao, 1995) will be used. The population will include students from two public high schools in central Ohio. An initial screening will identify students at risk for suicide and provide an anticipated sample of 20 students. Institutional review board approval will be obtained prior to the commencement of the study. Intervention strategies such as support groups may decrease risk factors, increase protective factors and reduce the incidence of suicide in adolescents.