Burnout in the critical care setting : level of expertise and social support
The purpose of this study was to examine burnout in the critical care nurse. One hundred-eighty eight nurses employed at Community Hospitals of Indiana were surveyed to determine the relationship between burnout, level of expertise and social support systems. Frequency and intensity of burnout was measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Social support systems were measured by the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire. Level of expertise was determined by question 1 of the demographic questionnaire length of time employed as a critical care nurse.Findings of this study revealed no significant differences in level of expertise related to intensity and frequency of burnout (F= .232). Results of ANOVA indicated the sampled nurses experienced a low to average degree of burnout for both frequency and intensity of burnout. Similarly using Pearson correlate there was no relationship between level of support systems and frequency also concluded that level of support systems did not and intensity of burnout (novice, p= -.23; competent, p= .11; expert, p= .07). Conclusions of this study indicated level of expertise was not a factor in determining intensity and frequency of burnout.It was burnout need to be readily available for all nurses in influence intensity and frequency of burnout in the novice, competent or expert critical care nurse.Implications indicate that preventative measures for critical care settings. Other implications were that nursing support systems may not be an effective strategy for burnout prevention and resources may need to focus on other strategies.