An investigation of the effect of cue-controlled relaxation on test anxiety of active duty military personnel

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Calhoun, Dorothy Jean, 1933-
Suozzi, Carlotta L.
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Cue-Controlled Relaxation on test anxiety of active duty military personnel, as measured by the Test Anxiety Inventory. The major hypothesis was stated in the null form.Eighty-five subjects volunteered to participate in the study. Using a table of random numbers, subjects within three intact classes were assigned to the three treatment conditions. There were 25 subjects in the Cue-Controlled Relaxation Treatment Group, 28 subjects in the Placebo Treatment Group, and 32 subjects in the No-Treatment Group of this Pretest/Posttest Non-Equivalent Control Group Design. The subjects were all students in the Primary Leadership Training courses of the Seventh Army Combined Arms Training Center (7th CATC) Non-Commissioned Officers' (NCO) Academy, Bad Toelz, Federal Republic of Germany. There were 12 females and 73 males in the total sample, ranging between 20 and 40 years of age.The Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI) was used to measure test anxiety before treatment and after treatment. The TAI consists of 20 items relating to Worry, Emotionality and Total score.The major null hypothesis was tested through a One-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance. The three measures of the dependent variable in the three groups were highly correlated, indicating that they were assessing the same factor. No statistically significant difference was observed among the three groups. Therefore, the null hypothesis was not rejected.